White oak and red oak are two distinct sorts of oak. Albeit the name recommends that they are various shadings, you can’t distinguish them simply by depending on this, particularly assuming they have had stain applied to them.
Red oak is otherwise called Quercus rubra. Albeit this is the genuine red oak, others like Dark Oak (Quercus velutina) and Water Oak (Quercus nigra) are comprehensively assembled as red oak.
White Oak is additionally called Quercus alba. It is the genuine white oak however others, for example, Pod Oak and English Oak are likewise viewed as white oaks.
This implies that you are not continually purchasing an accurate species – more the attributes of the red or white gathering.
The two gatherings are unique and assuming you know everything you are searching for you can without much of a stretch say to them separated.
Assuming you have the advantage of seeing the leaves still on the wood, they will assist you with making distinguish which wood you have. The leaves of White Oak ordinarily have adjusted projections, however those of the Red Oak are pointed. However, this isn’t correct in each and every case.
In a ton of cases you will not have the passes on to help you so one method for differentiating the lumbers is to check out the beams (the dull earthy colored lines in the wood). Red oak as a rule has short beams. White oak as a rule has longer beams – regularly longer than 3/4 of an inch.
You can likewise take a gander at the endgrain (expecting they are not painted, harsh sawn or fixed). Ensure that the wood is liberated from dust then, at that point, investigate. On the off chance that you are taking a gander at heartwood, the endgrain of red oak will show open pores. White oak heartwood pores are loaded up with what are known as tyloses – an air pocket like development.
An exemption for this is Chestnut Oak, a white that has huge and open pores.
The speediest and maybe most dependable technique for working out on the off chance that wood is red or white oak is to utilize a 10% arrangement of sodium nitrite on the heartwood. Brush it onto the wood and sit tight for a shading change. Red oak will just change somewhat (now and then with a greenish tint) yet white oak will change significantly in a couple of moment, showing a dull rosy brown and afterward at long last very nearly a dark.
When you can see the woods separated you can ensure that you use them for the right things. White oak is really great for outside furnishings and boat building since it is impervious to water (due to the tyloses). It is likewise more impervious to spoil and consequently somewhat more costly.